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`mj hn\nabns ]mThpw {]Wbhpw

 

Language -Text and Love of Communication

 

By Sreekumar
linguafranka@yahoo.com
 

ie`w ]qhn tNncnptm ]cmKWw \Spp. ]cmKWw P\nXI hn\nabamWv. hn\nabns ASnm\ LSI DShpw am[yahpamWv. ssPh hnhc sNSnbn \npw ]qhneqsS hnntepw hnn \npw asmcp sNSnbntepw hn\nabw sNsSpp. Hmtcm ssPhtcWphnepw sNSnbpsS ssPh Ncn{XamsI DSnbncnpp.


P\nXI hn\nabw PohnIġv s]mXpsh DXmWv. sNSnbpw ie`hpw InfnIfpw a\pjy\pw khNcmNcfpw ssPhhn\nabns sshhn[yam XpSbmWv. A\kyqXamb Cu hn\nab {]{Inb FhnsS XpSn FhnsS Ahkm\npw FXn\v Hcp \nbhpan.


sshhn[yam ssPh hn\nabns ss\ccynse Hcp kzm`mhnIX am{XamWv a\pjy. a\pjy Akz`mhnIamIpXv Ah/ kwkmcnptmgmWv. XnIpw ssPhnIamb ssPhh\nabn\v A\p]qcIambv BWps]nt\mSpw s]v BWnt\mSpw Rm \ns {]Wbnpp Fp ]dbpXv asmcp hn\nabamWv. a\pjy\v am{Xw {]tXyIamb `mjmhn\nabw. ssPhmXoXambXpw Fm ssPhnIXsb D]PnhnpsImpw D Hcp kmaqlnI hn\nabamWv `mj.


`mj ssPhnIhpw kmaqlnIhpw


`mj ssPhnIamhpXv `mjm B\sbpw {]tbmKsbpw km[yamp Hcp ssPh aew a\pjy\n DXpsImmWv. CXns\bmWv sNmwkvIn emtKzPv AIznknj Unsshkkv Fv hnfnpXv. CsXmcp ]cnIev]\ am{Xa bYmyamWv. \mw Hmtcmcpcpw P\npXv Cu UnsshkpambnmWv. hfcpXv GsXnepw Hcp `mjm kmlNcynepw AXp sImmWv \msamcp `mj BnpXpw AdnbpXpw kwkmcnpXpw. Cu Adnbens\ tIm\zokv FmWv ]dbpI. Adn `mj D]tbmKnens\ s]t^makv Fpw . `mj Adnbm \s {]m]vXamp Cu ssPh aew P\nXIambv hn\nabw sNsSpp. Xeapdbn \npw Xeapdbntev Cu ssPhaes Hmtcm Xeapdbnepw Fnp Pot\mssSv GsXv C\nbpw Isnbnn.


kmaqlnI kz`mhamWv `mjbntesdbpw Fncpmepw `mj Hcp HmsSp IqSnbmWv . ssPhnIXsb HmsSp. AXpsImmWv \mw Cw, {]Wbw Fo hmpI IqSpX CsSpXv. \ns F\nnamsWv BWv s]nt\mSpw s]v BWnt\mSpw ]dbpXv HtcmsSpemWv. AXmbXv Fnepw \nnepw s]mXphmb Hv Poh\msW, ssPh hn\nabamsW HmsSp. A\amb ssPh{]bmWnse ssPh_npfmsWv \msa HmsSp. ie`w sNSnsb HmasSppXpw CXp XsbmWv. Cu HmsSpeneqsSbmWv a\pjy {]IrXnbntev XncnphcnI. AXmbXv ssPh {]bmWntev XncnphcnI. AXpsImmWv {]Wbm`y\bn \mw ]chicmIpXpw ]cn`hnpXpw. AXpsImmWv Pqenbm {InkvtXh hmv amwkmamIpsap ]dbpXv.


`mjbmWv a\pjys\ kmaqlnIPohbmpI. AYhm kmaqlnI PohnXamWv is `mjbmpI. `mjbnse kmaqlnI Xew hmns AaeamWv. hmns Ahpw hmns am[yahpamb ihpw Xnep _w tIhew [mcW am{XamWv. Ahpw ihpw tN `mjbnse Hcp LSIs Nnw (sign)FmWv ]dbpI. Hmtcm Nnӯnepw cp LSIfpv. Nnӯns icq]amb kqNIw(signifier) A D Samb kqNnXw(Signified) . bmYmyw Nnӯn\v ]pdmWv. ( Nn{Xw 1)
 

AXpsImmWv `mj bmYmys \nnpp Fp ]dbpI. Cs\ Hne[nIw Nnӧ tNv \nnpXns\bmWv ]mTw (Text) Fp ]dbpI. bmYmyw ]mTn\p ]pdmWv. DZmlcWambv Rm \ns kvt\lnpp Fv ]dbptm kvt\lw FXp Xs Hcp Aaq]mTamIpp. Ccw Ipsd AaqXIsf \nnmWv `mj PohnXns ]mTw \nnpI. kvt\lw FXv aqamb Hcp bmYmyambn \nptmįsbmWv `mjbvv asmcp bmYmys \nnm IgnbpI. As\ `mj \nnpXv Hcp {]XoXn bmYmyamWv. Hcp Nn\ temIamWv (semiotic world). FkvIntamIġv {]XyIXcw ans\ Xncndnbm Ccp]naqtmfw hmpI Dv. acp`qanbn Pohnphv hyXykvXXcw HIsf Xncndnbm Ane[nIw hmpIfpv. Fm Chbvsmw \apv H hmpam{Xw. Cs\ Hmtcm `mjbpw bmYmys ]n Hmtcm]mTsfbmWv \nnpI. Nnӧ {]h\ \ncXamIptmgmWv ]mTw DcpncnbpI.


]mTn\v IpdpIqSn hym]vXnbp \nhN\apv. hyJym\nsSpsXmw ]mTfmWv. {]]sbmsI Hcp ]mTamsbSpmw. {]]s]n \mw \Sp Hmtcm hymJym\hpw Hmtcm ]mTfmWv. AXpsImv Hmtcm imkv{X\pw Hmtcm ]mTsfbmWv \nnpI. \yq\v {]]w bm{nIamWv. \yq {]]s Hcp henb b{ambn hyJym\np. AXv \yqs ]mTw. sFo\v {]]w DuamWv. AXv sFos ]mTw. tjmUnKnXv IWnIbmWv. AXv tjmUnKdpsS ]mTw. Hmtcmcpcpw Hmtcm ]mTsfbmWv \nnpI. Hmtcm ]mTġpw AXXns `mjbpw Dv. AXpsImv Hn \npw asmv sasav ]dbpIbpw h. Fm bmYmyw \nnsSp ]mTġp ]pdmWv.


]mTsf\nnpXpw \ntj[npXpw ]Icw \nnpXpw `mjbneqsSbmWv. AXpsImmWv `mjbvv ]pdv Hpansbv ZcnZ ]dbpXv. imkv{Xhnhns LS\ Fv ]pkvXIn Ip ]dbpXpw Ccw ]mTsf ]nbmWv. ]mcssUw F asmcp hmv D]bmKnpp Ft hyXymkapq. a\pjys\ \nebn \apn\n Fp sNm Ignbpw? \nnpsImncnpI, \nn ]mTfn PohnpI, A{XXs.


AXnh\ns ssPh ]mTw


\nn ]mTfpsS kmaqlnI bmYmyn Pohnptmgpw `mj a\pjy\n AXnh\ns km[yX Xpdpp. PohcminbmsI ssPhtNmZ\bm AXnhnpXv ImesbmWv. Imew Hcp A\p`haew BIptXmsSbmWv a\pjy Imes AXnhnp kmtXnI hnZybntev XncnbpXv.


`mjm kmtXnI hnZybneqsSbmWv `mj a\pjy\v AXnh\ns D]IcWamIpXv. PohnncnpI FXv kwkmcnpI FXmsWv \madnbpXv acnptm aphv kwkmcnm Ignbn F A\p`hn \nmWv. kwkmcnpI, kwkmcw tIġpI FXv kvt\lnemsWv \madnbpXv kwkmcnmsX, kwkmcw tIġmsX kvt\lnm Ignbn FdnbptmgmWv.


kwkmcn \mw D]tbmKnpXv hfsc Ipdpt\cw am{Xw \ne\np isbmWv. Fm iw DcnsSp \nanjtv am{Xta \ne\nq. AXpsImpXs iЯn \mw knthinn Ahpw, Ahpw ihpw tNp \nn bmYmyhpw \nanjġpn Xs CmXmIpp. a\pjys\ kw_nnStmfw Cu CmXmIens\ HgnhmtXpv. ssPhnIamb CmXmIens\ ]p\cpev]mZneqsS P\nXIambn PohnI AXnhnpp. Fm a\pjy\v CXp am{Xw t]mcm. ssPhktbmsSmw Xm \nn ]mTsfqSn Ah asmcp Imentev AXnhnnpp. BZy`mjm kmtXnI hnZybmb FgpneqsSbmWnXv km[yamIpXv. Imenepff iЯns \izcXsb Zriyn tcJsSpp {]Xen A\izcXbneqsSbmWnXv kmtXnIambv km[yampXv.


PohnXs {]Wbnptm, Pohnm\mbn Azm\nptm kacw sNptm \mw \SpXv Hmtcm Pohnbnepw \SpXv P\nXI FgpmWv. AXmbvXv PnhnXneqsS \mw \n Xs FgpXpp. AXp asmcp Imen asmcp Xeapdbn hmbnsSpp. AXpsImmWv Hmtcm Xeapd Ignbptmgpw sNSnbnse ]q IqSpX kpcamIpXv. ]q IqSpX kpcw Bsbnte ie`w sNSnbntev BIjnsSq. ie`w ]qhnsensbnte ]cmKWw \SpIbpw sNSn PmcfneqsS \ne\npIbpw sNq. sNSnbqw, ie`hpw Infnbpw a\pjy\pw ssPh]camb Cu P\nXI Fgpn ]ptNcpIbpw Imes ssPhnIambv AXnhnpIbpw sNpp. AXpsImmWv ssPhaen \Sp Hmtcm CW tNcepw Hmtcm hn\nabamIpXv. Hmtcm FgpmIpXv. Imes AXnhnp ssPh ss\ccyns Hcp am\hnI _nphnemWv \mw {]WbnpI.


AXnh\ns ssPhXzc hn\nabn\mbv ]qambv ssPhnIam Hcp am[yaw sXscsSpptmgmWv \mw `mjbneqsS {]Wbw AdnbnpXv. {]Wbns ssPthbpw `mjbpsS kmaqlnI Cbpw XnednbpXv {]Wbns `mjbnemWv. AsXmcp kpc kwLjwXsbmWv. AXpsImmWv _jo Fs Ictf FXn\v sls Ictf Fv IYbnsegpXnbXv. AXpsImmWv au\w {]Wbn hmNmeamIpXv.


hn\nabsn ]dbp GXp sskmnI amXrIbpw ssPhhn\nabs ]nbp At\zjWn \np thWw XpSphm. hn\nabns P\nXI ]mThpw `mjbpsS kmaqlnI ]mThpw tNncnptmgmWv ie`w {]WbamIpI, Hmtcm hmpw {]WbtcWpfmIpI, `mj icocamIpI. ssPhhn\nabns A\kyqX ss\ccyn a\pjy {]Wbnms\ t]mse kwkmcnm\pw hn[nsncnpp. hN\a icocamhpI, am\hnIamb icocwXsbmWv hN\amhpI.

knUnnse Un.Fkv. Un.kn. hnZymnIġmbn \Snb Ivfmkns Ipdnv
 

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